Slovak / Slovakian
The Nuremberg-based interpreting and translation agency AP Fachübersetzungen offers its customers high-quality translation and interpreting services for the Slovak language. Our committed team of interpreters, translators, editors, proofreaders and project managers is happy to provide you with professional advice and support. Our qualified and experienced Slovak translators and interpreters specialize in the fields of medicine, pharmacy, law and technology. We are also happy to support you with certified Slovak translations as your competent and reliable partner at any time - even at short notice.
- Speakers of Czech and Slovak can communicate fairly easily due to the high similarity of the languages.
- The Slovak language is considered to be "Slavic Esperanto" as it is well understood by all Slavs.
- Slovak Štefan Banič (1870-1941) invented the first parachute and patented it in 1913.
- Slovakia produces the most cars worldwide as measured by the number of inhabitants.
- Bratislava is located so close to Vienna that it does not have high-speed inter-city trains, instead using regular commuter trains. Up until 1945, an ordinary tram went from Vienna to Bratislava.
Like Czech and Polish, Slovak belongs to the West Slavic languages of the Indo-European language family.
Slovak is the language of most people in the Slovak Republic, which used to be part of the Hungarian Kingdom, Austria-Hungary and Czechoslovakia and is an independent country with a population of around 5 million today. Slovak is also spoken by around one and a half million people in some areas of Hungary, Poland and Ukraine. The total number of native speakers of the Slovak language is about 6 million people. Since Slovakia joined the EU, Slovak is also one of the official languages of the European Union.
Its structure is very similar to the Czech language and a number of characteristics are similar to Southern Slavic languages. Of all the Slavic languages, Slovak has the most in common with the Czech language. The languages are so similar, in fact, that Czechs and Slovaks can easily understand each other. This is why, within the Czech Republic, even at the official level, Slovak does not require translation. Nevertheless, the Slovak language is an independent language, and an interpreter is absolutely necessary if knowledge of German is insufficient, especially at appointments with the authorities in Germany. The interpreter’s or translator’s qualification and experience are obviously the top priority here. That’s why we at AP Fachübersetzungen only work with Slovak translators and specialist interpreters who meet our high quality requirements and have many years of experience. We will find the suitable language mediator for you – very easily and quickly.
In the case of certified translations, we only use reliable, publicly appointed and sworn Slovak translators for public documents. Our best and friendly court, consecutive, liaison, conference and simultaneous interpreters will be pleased to support you. With us, your interpreting and translation projects are always in the best of hands.
Countries where Slovak is spoken
- Czech Republic
History of the Slovak language
Slavic tribes settled in the territories of present-day Slovakia in the 6th century. At the same time, the phonological differentiation within the Proto-Slavic language began. Up to 862 AD, the official language in the administrative and ecclesiastical spheres was Latin. It was later replaced by Old Church Slavonic. Nevertheless, the Latin language did not disappear and was used as well alongside Old Church Slavonic.
In 885 AD, the Pope banned the use of Old Church Slavonic and, subsequently, the Slovak language in Great Moravia. This event initiated a revival of the Latin language, which formed the basis of administrative and ecclesiastical affairs.
After the Hungarians (Magyar) had destroyed Great Moravia, the Slovak language developed in the 10th century out of a conglomerate of Slavic dialects that were widespread in the territory of present-day Hungary. While, within the official spheres in Slovakia, Slovak and Latin were used, along with some Slovak dialects. Czech started to seep into religious affairs in Slovakia, helped along by the Czech clergy. Nevertheless, the Slovak language was common in everyday life.
More and more, people wanted to standardize the Slovak language. In the 18th century, Anton Bernolák, a Catholic priest, took the Western Slovak dialects as the basis for the codification of the Slovak language. Bernolák‘s Gramatica Slavica is considered to be the first successful standardization of the Slovak language.
After the formation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1867, the Hungarian government closed the Slovak schools in its territory and the status of the Slovak language became precarious.
With the creation of Czechoslovakia in 1918, the Slovak language was saved from possible extinction, and for the first time in history became an official language, along with Czech.
Grammar of the Slovak language
The Slovak alphabet consists of the 26 letters of the Latin alphabet plus 20 special characters or diacritics (e.g. ň und ž) and thus comprises 46 letters altogether.
As in German, nouns in Slovak are distinguished according to gender, case and number. Nouns, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, numerals and verbs have to be inflected both in German and in Slovak. The Slovak language, like the German language, has three genders (masculine, feminine and neuter). However, there are only four cases in German, whereas there are six in Slovak.
Like most Slavic languages, Slovak does not have articles, while German has three. Although adjectives come before the noun in Slovak, as well as in German and English, adjectives in the Slovak language can also be possessive, a form that does not exist in neither German nor English. In such a case, the Slovak translator has to paraphrase this form using other constructions, e.g. a genitive.
Due to these particularities of the Slovak language, it is advisable to entrust the translation of your specialist texts or interpretation to a native speaker or very experienced language expert. Therefore, at AP Fachübersetzungen we work exclusively with certified and experienced specialist Slovakian translators and interpreters and can thus guarantee the high quality and accuracy of your Slovak translation.
Our contact details
Do you need a (certified) Slovak translation? Do you want the translation to be done with great care and accuracy and as quickly as possible? Do you have an important appointment at a notary or court, a seminar, an audit, a business meeting, an appointment at the authorities, a conference, GMP inspection, meeting, wedding or another important event and need a Slovak interpreter you can absolutely rely on? Then AP Fachübersetzungen, the high-quality interpreting and translation agency renowned far beyond Nuremberg, is the right place for you. You can reach us at +49 (0)911 – 650 08 650 or by email to firstname.lastname@example.org. However, you are also welcome to come to our Nuremberg-based interpreting and translation agency with your interpreting or translation request. The friendly team at AP Fachübersetzungen will be happy to provide you with individual specialist advice and will take care of your inquiries with commitment.